England Sights, UNESCO, Climate and Geography

According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, England is part of the United Kingdom and is located together with Scotland and Wales on the island of Great Britain. Often when talking about England people mean the United Kingdom or the island of Great Britain. However, this is wrong as England is only part of the United Kingdom.

England has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Inhabitation mainly took place in the southern part of the country. During this period, England was connected by a land strip to mainland Europe. Later, the water level rose and this land bridge disappeared, turning Britain into an island. In England some monuments from antiquity have been preserved. Think of Silbury Hill and Stonehedge.

Around the beginning of the era, the Romans try to conquer Britain. This partially succeeded, the borders of the Roman Empire are still visible in the country. The Romans would stay in England until the early fifth century. This was followed by the Anglo-Saxon period. Various Germanic tribes settled in the country and the British were gradually driven out. In the tenth century AD, the Kingdom of England was established. This kingdom would exist with a short interval until the early eighteenth century. During this period and afterwards, England waged almost continuous war with France. The Battle of Trafalgar and the Battle of Waterloo are England’s most famous victories over France.

In World War I and World War II, these former sworn enemies join forces to end the wars with the other Allied forces. Both wars left deep marks in England.

After the Second World War, major political changes began to take place in England. Thanks in part to Margaret Thatcher, these have led to present-day England. In recent decades, England has crept in and out of depression several times, but the worst seems to be behind us.


In England, just like in the other countries of the United Kingdom, there are many places of interest. Some of these sights are world famous. Think of Stonehenge, Cornwall, the historic city of Bath and the Cliffs of Dover. In the capital London alone, there are many beautiful sights to be found. Tower Bridge, National Gallery, Buckingham Palace, St. Paul’s Cathedral and Big Ben are just a few examples of this. But other towns, villages and areas also have more than enough to offer, such as Durham Cathedral, the Eden Project near Cornwall, Windsor Castle or Manchester United’s football station, Old Trafford. Many of the sights that can be found in England have to do with the long turbulent history of the country.

Many tourists come to England to enjoy the beautiful nature of the country. There are countless miles of hiking trails in England. England’s finest walking areas and footpaths include The Ridgeway, Malvern Hills, Hangers Way, The Coleridge Way and the York area.

There are some wonderful museums in England, the largest and the most important are in London. you should think of the British Museum, Museum of London, Tate Gallery, and the National Gallery. Other well-known museums in England include the Bolton Art Gallery, the Jane Austen Center in Bath, the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge and the Roald Dahl Museum in Buckinghamshire.


There are several dozen inscriptions on the UNESCO World Heritage List in England. This number will only increase further in the coming years. Some of the registrations in England are cross-border and must share the country with one of the other countries of the United Kingdom. The inscription “borders of the Roman Empire” must share England with Germany. The first registration was not made until 1986 when Durham Castle and Cathedral, Ironbridge Gorge, Studley Royal Park, Stonehedge and King Edward’s Castles and Town Walls at Gwynedd were added to the list. In the years that followed, some of England’s most famous monuments were added to the list. You have to think of Bath, the Tower of London, Canterbury Cathedral, Westminster Abbey and Greenwich. There is one endangered world heritage site in England. This is the maritime trading city of Liverpool. This World Heritage Site is under threat because the local government wants to clean up the port area.


England has a temperate maritime climate with average annual precipitation much lower than in other parts of Great Britain. In fact, the average annual rainfall in some parts of England is so low that less rain falls here than we are used to from the Mediterranean climate.

England’s climate is strongly influenced by the country’s location on the North Sea, the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Sea. Partly because of this, the temperatures are somewhat tempered throughout the year. This means that the temperature in the summer months rarely exceeds thirty degrees Celsius. The average daytime temperature in this period is around twenty-two degrees Celsius. In the winter months, this influence ensures that long periods of frost and or night frost rarely occur. The average daytime temperature in the winter period is around seven degrees Celsius. This means that the climate in England in many cases resembles the climate in the Netherlands. The average annual precipitation in England is around seven hundred millimeters, which is slightly less than what we are used to in the Netherlands. Looking at the weather in England, the best time to travel to England. The months of May and September can also be great as a travel month.

Strong wind gusts can occur in England. These wind gusts are usually the result of depressions at sea. Wind gusts of hurricane force have even been measured in England.


England is located on the southeastern part of the island of Great Britain. It borders Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. These are the only countries with which England has national borders. The town of Dover is only 35.4 kilometers from the European mainland. The city is separated from France by the Channel. England borders the North Sea to the east and the Irish Sea to the west. England is part of the United Kingdom. In addition to the neighboring countries Wales and Scotland, Northern Ireland is also part of the United Kingdom. In addition, a number of overseas territories and some crown possessions belong to the United Kingdom.

England consists of nine regions that are subdivided into different counties that are subdivided into boroughs. This system has been adapted and changed several times in the last hundred years. Several islands and archipelagos belong to England. The best known of these are the Isle of Wight, the Isles of Scilly and Lundy.

England’s largest and longest river is the Thames, which runs for 236 miles through England before flowing into the North Sea. Other well-known rivers in England are the Ouse, Trent, Humber and Tees. Lake Windere is the largest lake in England. England’s highest point is in the Lake District. The Scafell Pike is 978 meters high.

The largest city in England is the capital London. More than seven million people live here. Other major cities in England are Birmingham, Liverpool, Leeds, Sheffield, Bristol, Manchester and Leicester.

Travel advice

There are no special travel advices for England. Since the attacks of September 11, 2001, you also have to take into account an increased terrorist threat in England. Especially in places where many foreigners come together and at airports, train and metro stations.

It is forbidden to possess and trade drugs here. There are severe penalties for smuggling drugs and sexual acts with children. When walking in nature, it is wise to check for tick bites afterwards. These insects are carriers of Lyme disease.

Travel documents

All travelers must be in possession of a valid passport or identity card, only British citizens are an exception. For travelers from the European Union and most other western countries, no visa is required. Travelers from all other countries must apply for a visa at the consulate.

Info table

Capital city London
Phone (country code) 44
Internetdomein .uk
Language(s) (official) Engels
Language(s) (colloquial) Engels
Religion(s) Anglican
Time zone(s) UTC+0
Time difference summer In England it is 1 hour earlier than in the Netherlands
Time difference winter In England it is 1 hour earlier than in the Netherlands
Daylight Saving Time Control yes, this is the same as in the Netherlands
Currency pond sterling