The choice of UAV depends on investment in terms of hours and price you want to spend. Build a custom UAV can be quite complex, and even dangerous. If you prefer to fly faster, we suggest the following, in order of increasing complexity:

Toy

The multirotor toys are increasingly popular. Most are small and can be held in the palm of your hand. Some like the Parrot AR Drone are larger but very light. Toys multirotor UAVs are not necessarily easy to drive, but are more resistant to crashes. Toys tend to be smaller and integrating the framework within an aesthetic shell.

RTF

A “ready to fly” kit includes all parts needed for a complete UAV. Parts include the UAV itself (mostly pre-assembled and pre-wired), the handheld transmitter, a battery and a charger. The machine is calibrated and should be able to fly with relative ease. These however are not indestructible, and an accident can damage the system to a point where it is simply better to buy a new device rather than trying to fix it.

ARF

In a kit “almost ready to fly” part, motors and most of the parts “basic” are included and fully assembled (or only a few pieces remain to be assembled, largely to assist in the delivery). Normally, an ARF kit requires the addition of a transmitter / receiver and maybe batteries and a charger. Other ARF kits do not include the flight controller. You may need to do some calibration due to additional parts needed. We do not offer BNF kit for beginners because all transmitters and receivers are not always compatible.

Kit UAV

A kit usually includes most of the important products needed to build a UAV, but rarely include the transmitter / receiver, battery and charger or flight controller. Different kits have different content, so it’s important to see exactly what is included and additional items that will be needed. The contents of a kit must be compatible with each other and some require welding.

Custom

You have a custom installation when you combine various products from different manufacturers and bring them to work together. This approach requires a good knowledge of components necessary to achieve a UAV and which are the subject of this series of articles.

You see terms that are missing and would be helpful? Feel free to add them in the comments below.

Tags: building construction Drone terms terminology uav

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